Impertative sentence is one of four sentence types: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamative. An imperative sentence gives a command, a demand, or a request. It orders, tells, or asks a listener to do something.
E.g. "Sit down", "Don't forget your homework", "Don't ever touch my phone", "Please open the door."
In ASL, MIND-NOT and PLEASE are a common usage for making a request.
ASL sentence example: DOOR/\ MIND-NOT/\ (you) CL:OPEN-DOOR.
A general sentence structure is as follows: OSV (object-subject-verb). Raise eyebrows for the object at the beginning of the sentence. After signing the object, lower the eyebrows to a normal base for the rest of the sentence.
When making a request or command, there is a continuum of formal and informal tone depending on the contexts.
Give me the key, please. Glossed as /\KEY/\ GIVE-me PLEASE.
You can see two videos of the command, "GIVE-me the KEY." The former video shows a formal register and the latter video shows an informal register.
Practice some nouns and verbs to make a command. Open the ASL dictionary in a separate browser to look up any words below.
Nouns: BACKPACK, BOOK, CHAIR, CUP, DOOR, KEY, LIGHTS, PAPER, PEN, PENCIL, TABLE, WINDOW, ...
Verbs: CLOSE, MOVE, OPEN, PUT, THROW, TURN-on, TURN-off.
Combine one of the nouns and one of the verbs from the list above and make a command sentence.
Watch the following videos to learn some commands. Make sure you check out the last video (a cute one).
Exclusive content locked for subscribers. Please log in.
New to sign language? "Where do I start?" or "How do I start learning sign language?" This ASL Rookie guide lists some selected links to the tutorials for ASL beginners to get started and keep rolling. It may be useful for intermediate-level learners and ASL students to review as well.
Some tutorial pages are a mix of free and premium versions. Access to premium content and links below are available in the PatronPlus subscription. More links/posts will be added from time to time.
Are you able to carry everyday conversations in ASL? Are you a student in the intermediate levels and beyond, who wishes to boost up your signing skills? You've come to the selected tutorial series. (Some premium content are available to PatronPlus membership.)